Publication Date


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT)

First Advisor

Diane Larsen-Freeman


This project is a report on an ESL program developed for and taught to a Laotian couple who arrived in Brattleboro, Vermont in December 1979. The program took place from January to March 1980. The purpose of this report is to present and discuss issues, incidents, suggestions and conclusions regarding the teaching of ESL to Laotian refugees which may be helpful to program organizers and teachers.

The first part of the report details the refugee couple's background before their arrival in Brattleboro. Next is a description of the process of organizing the program and establishing the classroom procedure. This is followed by details of teaching the program including the general problems faced in teaching illiterate and semi-illiterate Laotian adults. This report also details the various problems, choices and decisions that had to be made in teaching literacy, pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. There is then a description of the methods used in teaching each of the skills. Appendices include a partial sequence of the skills and samples of the literacy activities. Finally, a detailed bibliography of useful publications and resources is included.


Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education | Curriculum and Instruction | Teacher Education and Professional Development