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Colby College

Publication Date

Spring 2017

Program Name

Morocco: Multiculturalism and Human Rights


Founded in ancient times, the twin Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla combined comprise just 11.8 square miles and have fewer than 200,000 inhabitants. Despite their rather insignificant sizes, they are important because they serve as the only land borders between the European Union and the African continent, generating a host of complicated questions. This research explores the role of smuggling as a form of micro-economy and identity. Through interviews of Moroccans with ties to smuggling as well as interviews with residents of Ceuta, this case study begins to examine the role smuggling plays in the debates about the sovereignty of the two cities, among other issues.


African Studies | Criminology | Economics | Family, Life Course, and Society | Other Economics | Work, Economy and Organizations


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