Home Institution

Western Michigan University

Publication Date

Fall 2019

Program Name

Switzerland: International Studies and Multilateral Diplomacy


On October 31, 2000, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1325, which stresses the importance of women’s involvement during times of conflict as decision-makers in peace-building processes. While this resolution and the broader Women, Peace, and Security agenda are dedicated to including women in important post-conflict reconstruction processes, the international community; comprised of states, international organizations, and civil society; has been criticized for its failure to implement this agenda. Further, it is evident that displaced women are a large population whose voices are widely left out of the post-conflict reconstruction processes. Within the discourse regarding the experience of displaced women during conflict, displaced women have been widely depicted as victims, contributing to their inability to exert their agency within decision-making processes. This research analyzes the National Action Plans of Afghanistan and Lebanon, two countries affected by conflict with high numbers of women displaced within their borders, to contribute to an understanding of the extent to which the needs of displaced women are incorporated into the implementation of Resolution 1325 and the wider Women, Peace, and Security agenda. Further, this research seeks to address the extent to which cooperation among the international community, with a strong emphasis on the role of civil society, works to promote the inclusion of displaced women’s voices in conflict management and post-conflict reconstruction processes.


Family, Life Course, and Society | International Relations | Peace and Conflict Studies | Politics and Social Change | Women's History | Women's Studies


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