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Tulane University

Publication Date

Fall 2021

Program Name

Switzerland: International Studies and Multilateral Diplomacy


The purpose of this paper is to examine the potential of community-based biodiversity conservation as a security-development strategy in Sub-Saharan Africa. While the creation of the security-development nexus has been an essential component in mainstreaming the principles of sustainable human development, there exist numerous gaps in the nexus. With the aid of four expert interviews, this analysis critically assesses the role of the environment and of local communities in successfully implementing the security-development nexus. Using the existing body of work comprising the security-development nexus as a framework, this research examines why biodiversity conservation has been overlooked as a security-development strategy as well as the potential that biodiversity conservation has in addressing social, political, economic, and cultural distress within civil society. This discussion is then followed by an analysis that determines why community-based conservation may be the optimal approach to achieving security and sustainable human development in Sub-Saharan Africa using a case study from the Democratic Republic of Congo.


African Studies | Biodiversity | Defense and Security Studies | Development Studies | Diplomatic History | Environmental Policy | International Relations


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