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Colgate University

Publication Date

Fall 2022

Program Name

Morocco: Migration and Transnational Identity


Morocco is a key transit country for many migrants trying to reach Europe, due to its shared land border with Spain, and Spain’s initiation into the European Union in 1986. Through informal interviews, current literature, Moroccan and Spanish news articles, and migrants’ stories, it can be seen that the changing bilateral relationship between Spain and Morocco creates violence at the border. Spain and Morocco’s unequal relationship is built upon economic dependency and colonialization. Spain wants to control Ceuta and Melilla border, the physical representation of “othering,” to cling to its “superior” identity, while Morocco hopes to further develop its economy and fight colonialism, using migration as a political leverage against Spain. When there is a cooperation between the two states, uncontrolled violence occurs at the border. The connection between this bilateral relationship and migrant suffering can be analyzed with game theory, specifically the Stag Hunt. While Morocco is challenging Western hegemony in this supposedly post-colonial world, it is doing so in an unethical way.


Inequality and Stratification | International Relations | Migration Studies | Politics and Social Change | Race and Ethnicity

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